Said Ibn Zayd said, “I testify that I heard the Prophet (peace be upon Him) saying: “Ten [companions] are promised Paradise. The Prophet is in Paradise. Abu Bakr is in Paradise. Omar is in Paradise. Othman is in Paradise. Ali is in Paradise. Talha is in Paradise. Zoubeir Ibn Al-Awam is in Paradise. Abu Obeida Ibn Jarrah is in Paradise. Abd ‘Ar-Rahman Ibn Awf is in Paradise and the tenth I do not want to tell you. Compagnons of the Prophet (peace be upon Him) insisted on knowing it by asking Him twice: “who is he? “. The first time He remained silent, and the second time, He answered: “It is Said Ibn Zayd.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud)
Insha Allah, we will be interested in the life of these ten companions who were promised Paradise. Their lives and their struggles are examples for all of us. Indeed, we will focus on their qualities and meritorious deeds that make them role models. Today we will stop on Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (the truthful one) may Allah be pleased with him.
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (the truthful one) may Allah be pleased with him, was a faithful companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) and he is of course known to all Muslims. First caliph after the death of the Prophet (peace be upon Him), he marked the history of Islam. This truthful companion occupied a special place in the life of the Prophet (peace be upon Him), and the Prophet appreciated him more than any other companions.
His genealogy, his description, and his conversion to Islam
His real name was ‘Abdallah, son of’ Uthman, son of Amir, son of Amr, son of Ka’b, son of Sa’ad, son of Taym, son of Murrah, son of Ka’b, son of Lou’ayy. The latter is the common ancestor he had with the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him).
He married Qutaylah bint ‘Abd al-‘Uzza with whom he had two children named’ Abdallah and Asma. He also married Umm Rûman bint ‘Amir, with whom he also had two children: Abd Ar-Rahman and’ Aisha. He also married Asma’s bint ‘Umays, with whom he had a son, Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr. Finally, he married Habiba bint Kharijah who gave birth to Umm Kulthum after his death (may Allaah have mercy on him).
According to his daughter ‘Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her): “He was skin-white, thin, his beard was light, his back slightly arched. Because of his thinness, his Izar was sometimes detached from his hips. His face was emaciated, his eyes sunken in their sockets, his forehead protruding, the back of his hand smooth. He was dyeing his beard with henna and Katm.“
He was very courageous, generous, patient, kind, indulgent and endowed with a strong will. Moreover, he was detached from this world and had an unshakeable trust in Allah.
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq was the first man to convert to Islam. Remember that Khadija (may Allah be pleased with her) was the first woman to convert to Islam, ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) was the first child to convert, and finally, Zayd ibn Hadrithah was the first freed slave to enter the Path of Allah.
Abu Bakr became the cause of the conversion of many influential men such as ‘Uthman ibn’ Affan, ‘Abdurrahman ibn’ Awf or Az-Zubayr ibn Al-‘Awwam. Moreover, following his conversion, Abu Bakr freed many slaves converted to Islam who were persecuted by their master such as Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him).
His merits and his place with the Prophet (peace be upon Him)
‘Aisha, Abu Sa’id and Ibn’ Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) claimed that Abu Bakr was in the cave with the Prophet (peace be upon Him) during the emigration (Hijrah) from Makkah to Madinah.
“If you do not aid the Prophet – Allah has already aided him when those who disbelieved had driven him out [of Makkah] as one of two, when they were in the cave and he said to his companion, “Do not grieve; indeed Allah is with us.“(Surat At-Tawbah: verse 40).
Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported from Abu Bakr that he said, “I said to the Prophet (peace be upon Him) while we were in the cave:’ If one of the polytheists had a look in front of his feet he would see us. The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said to me,’ Do you think they can do anything against two people while Allah is with them?“
Abu Bakr was the best of all the companions. Indeed, Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “During the lifetime of the Prophet(peace be upon Him), we used to prioritize companions. We considered that Abu Bakr was the best of them, then came ‘Umar, then’ Uthman ibn ‘Affan, may Allah be pleased with them. “
Also, Muhammad ibn Al-Hanafiyyah reported: “I asked my father [‘Ali ibn Abi Tâlib]: Who is the best of men after the Prophet (peace be upon Him)? He replied: Abu Bakr. I continued: And then? He replied, ‘Umar. I asked later – lest he tells me: ‘Uthman – And you, then? He replied: I am only one Muslim man among many others. “
Abu Bakr occupied an essential rank in the eyes of the Prophet (peace be upon Him). Thus, Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported from the Prophet (peace be upon Him) that he said:’ If I had to choose a close friend, I would have chosen Abu Bakr. But he is my brother and my companion.”
Muhammad ibn Jubayr ibn Mut’im reported from his father that he said, “A woman wanted to consult the Prophet (peace be upon Him). He asked her to come back later. She asked: but what if I come back and you’re gone? He says, “If I am no longer here, consult Abu Bakr. “
Abu Bakr was the Prophet’s most beloved companion (peace be upon Him). Indeed, Abu ‘Uthman said:’ ‘Amr ibn Al-‘As (may Allah be pleased with him) informed me that the Prophet (‘ alayhi salat wa salam ‘) sent him to head the army for Dhat As-Salasil expedition. This one asked the Prophet (peace be upon Him): Who is the one you love the most? The Prophet(peace be upon Him) replied,’ ‘Aisha. Amr added, “And among men? The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said, ‘The father of the latter. Amr asked again: Who else after him? He says, ” Umar ibn Al Khattab. And mentioned other men. “
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq was with the Prophet (peace be upon Him) all his life, in Mecca and Medina, during the emigration and all the expeditions. He never left the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him), despite all the hardships and difficulties they encountered.
Beyond this, he performed many works following the death of the Prophet (peace be upon Him), including the order of his funerary washing and performed His burial, the compilation of the noble Quran, sending of armies to spread the religion of Allah in the countries of Persia and Greater Syria.
Abu Bark As-Siddiq, therefore, was a pious servant and companion of the most faithful, endowed with noble qualities and enduring all possible punishments to satisfy Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon Him).
May Allah have mercy on the Messenger’s companion. May He be pleased with him, raise him in degrees, and allow us to love him.