adverbs of time and place in arabic

Introduction to adverbs

 

Some words have the same effect on the nouns and pronouns as the prepositions, although they are not prepositions. These kinds of words are used as adverbs of time and place.

Adverbs of time and place used in the Noble Quran

 

The following are examples of such words used in the Holy Qur’an:

 

تَحْتَ

Under/beneath

 

 

فَوْقَ

Above/Over

 

 

أَمَامَ

Before/ in front

 

 

قَبْلَ

Before

 

 

بَعْدَ

After

 

 

وَرَاءَ

Behind

 

 

بَيْنَ

Between

 

 

حَوْلَ

Around

 

 

 

بَعْضُ

Some

 

 

كُلٌّ

all/every

 

 

دُوْنَ

other/than

 

 

غَيْرَ – مِنْ دُوْنِ

Near

 

 

مَعَ

With

 

 

لَدُنْ – لَدَىْ

With from

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Examples of using adverbs in the Holy Quran

 

أَوْ مِن تَحْتِ أَرْجُلِكُمْ

 

 

from beneath your feet (6:65)

 

وَجَاهِدُوا مَعَ رَسُولِهِ 

 

 

and to fight with His Messenger (9:86)

 

وَمَا كُنتَ لَدَيْهِمْ

 

 

And you were not with them (3:44)

 

بَلْ أَحْيَاءٌ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ يُرْزَقُونَ

 

 

Rather, they are alive with their Lord, receiving provision (3:169)

 

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا

 

 

This Arabic lesson is now finished. The next one will be insha’Allah about the demonstrative pronouns in Arabic.


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