Double emphasis-Arabic free courses

Introduction to the Double emphasis

 

 

To emphasize the meaning of the imperfect tense لَ is added as a prefix to the imperfect tense and نّ noon thaqila or نْnon khafeefa as the suffix. We call it in Arabic the double emphasis.

 

 

For example:

 

 

 

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Table with نْnon khafeefa

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

لَيَفْعَلَنْ

Indeed He does/will do

 

Dual

لَيَفْعَلَانِّ

Indeed  they both do/will do

 

Plural

لَيَفْعَلُنْ

Indeed they all do/will do

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

لَتَفْعَلَنْ

Indeed she does/will do

 

Dual

لَتَفْعَلَانِّ

Indeed  they both do/will do

 

Plural

لَيَفْعَلْنَانَّ

Indeed they all do/will do

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

لَتَفْعَلَنْ

Indeed you do/will do

 

Dual

لَتَفْعَلَانِّ

Indeed  you both do/will do

 

Plural

لَتَفْعَلُنْ

Indeed you all do/will do

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

لَتَفْعَلِنْ

Indeed you do/will do

 

Dual

لَتَفْعَلَانِّ

Indeed  you both do/will do

 

Plural

لَتَفْعَلْنَانِّ

Indeed you all do/will do

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

لأفْعَلَنْ

Indeed I do/will do

 

Dual

 

Plural

لَنَفْعَلَنْ

Indeed we all do/will do

 

 

 

Lam atta’keed and Noon atta’keed can also come attached to the imperative and the passive forms of the verb.

  Example:

 

وَلَئِن لَّمْ يَفْعَلْ مَا آمُرُهُ لَيُسْجَنَنَّ وَلَيَكُونًا مِّنَ الصَّاغِرِينَ

 

 

and if he will not do what I order him, he will surely be imprisoned and will be of those debased. (12:32)

 

  نّ – noon thaqeela can be attached without لَ to the imperfect for emphasis.  

 

Example:  

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ لَا يَفْتِنَنَّكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ 

 

 

O children of Adam, let not Satan tempt you  (7:27)

 

 

يَا بَنِي آدَمَ إِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ رُسُلٌ مِّنكُمْ يَقُصُّونَ عَلَيْكُمْ آيَاتِ

 

 

O children of Adam, if there come to you messengers from among you relating to you My verses (7:35)

 

  ل can come without ن attached with a noun, pronoun, or preposition.  

Examples:  

 

 

 وَإِن تَعْجَبْ فَعَجَبٌ قَوْلُهُمْ أَإِذَا كُنَّا تُرَابًا أَإِنَّا لَفِي خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ

 

 

And if you are astonished, [O Muhammad] – then astonishing is their saying, “When we are dust, will we indeed be [brought] into a new creation?”  (13:5)

 

 

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ 

 

 

Indeed, humankind is at a loss (103:2)

 

 

وَمَن جَاهَدَ فَإِنَّمَا يُجَاهِدُ لِنَفْسِهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَغَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

 

 

And whoever strives only strives for [the benefit of] himself. Indeed, Allah is free from the need of the worlds. (29:6)

 

 

لَأُعَذِّبَنَّهُ عَذَابًا شَدِيدًا أَوْ لَأَذْبَحَنَّهُ أَوْ لَيَأْتِيَنِّي بِسُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ

 

 

I will surely punish him with a severe punishment or slaughter him unless he brings me clear authorization.” (27:21)

 

 

وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

 

 

And those who strive for Us – We will surely guide them to Our ways. And indeed, Allah is with the doers of good. (29:69)  

 

 

You have now completed this Arabic lesson about the double emphasis. The next one will be insha’Allah about the active particle in Arabic.

 

Al-dirassa center offers you the possibility to study the Arabic language easily with a qualified teacher. If you are interested, do not hesitate to consult us.

 

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