Introduction to the four-lettered verbs

 

 

The four-lettered verbs are these verbs are formed from four letters. The root of which is فَعْلَلَ.They are not derived from the tri-literal form فَعَلَ. Four-letters root verbs follow the forms:

 

  • Form XII: فَعْلَلَ
  • Form XIII: تَفَعْلَلَ
  • Form XIV: إِفْعَلَلَّ
  • Form XV:  اِفْعَنْلَلَ

 

 

1. Table of four-lettered verb form فَعْلَلَ

 

 

  • Past tense – فَعْلَلَ
  • Imperfect tense – يُفَعْلِلُ
  • Imperative – فَعْلِلْ
  • Verbal noun – فَعْلَلَةٌ
  • Active participle  – مُفَعْلِلٌ
  • Passive participle – مُفَعْلَلٌ
  • Past active – فُعْلِلَ
  • Imperfect passive – يُفَعْلَلُ

 

 

Examples used in the Holy Quran

 

 

 الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

 

 

Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind – (114:5)

 

 

إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الْأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا

 

 

When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake (99:1)

 

 

وَمَا هُوَ بِمُزَحْزِحِهِ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ أَن يُعَمَّرَ

 

 

but it would not remove him in the least from the [coming] punishment that he should be granted life. (2:96)

 

 

فَدَمْدَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُم بِذَنبِهِمْ فَسَوَّاهَا

 

 

So their Lord brought down upon them destruction for their sin and made it equal [upon all of them]. (9:14)

 

 

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا عَسْعَسَ

 

 

And by the night as it closes in (81:7)

 

 

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2. Table of four-lettered verb form تَفَعْلَلَ

 

 

  • Past tense – تَفَعْلَلَ
  • Imperfect tense – يَتَفَعْلَلُ
  • Imperative – تَفَعْلَلْ
  • Verbal noun – تَفَعْلُلٌ
  • Active participle  – مُتَفَعْلِلٌ

 

 

3. Table of four-lettered verb form إِفْعَلَلَّ

 

 

  • Past tense – إِفْعَلَلَّ
  • Imperfect tense – يَفْعَلِلُّ
  • Imperative – إِفْعَلِّلْ – إِفْعَلِّلَ
  • Verbal noun – إِفْعَلَّالٌ
  • Active participle  – مُفْعَلِلٌّ

 

Examples:

 

قَالَ بَلَىٰ وَلَـٰكِن لِّيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبِي

 

 

He said, “Yes, but [I ask] only that my heart may be satisfied.” (2:260)

 

 

وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ

 

 

while his heart is secure in faith (16:106)

 

 

يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ

 

 

[To the righteous it will be said], “O reassured soul, (89:27)

 

 

تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ

 

 

The skins shiver therefrom of those who fear their Lord (39:23)

 

 

4.Table of four-lettered verb form إِفْعَنْلَلَ

 

 

  • Past tense – إِفْعَنْلَلَ
  • Imperfect tense – يَفْعَنْلِلُ
  • Imperative – إِفْعَنْلِلْ
  • Verbal noun – إِفْعِنْلَالٌ
  • Active participle  – مُفْعَنْلِلٌ
  • Passive participle – مُفْعَنْلَلٌ

 

 

You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about introducing the declension of a noun.

 

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  1. […] You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about introducing the four-lettered verbs. […]


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