Introduction to the four-lettered verbs



The four-lettered verbs are these verbs are formed from four letters. The root of which is فَعْلَلَ.They are not derived from the tri-literal form فَعَلَ. Four-letters root verbs follow the forms:


  • Form XII: فَعْلَلَ
  • Form XIII: تَفَعْلَلَ
  • Form XIV: إِفْعَلَلَّ
  • Form XV:  اِفْعَنْلَلَ



1. Table of four-lettered verb form فَعْلَلَ



  • Past tense – فَعْلَلَ
  • Imperfect tense – يُفَعْلِلُ
  • Imperative – فَعْلِلْ
  • Verbal noun – فَعْلَلَةٌ
  • Active participle  – مُفَعْلِلٌ
  • Passive participle – مُفَعْلَلٌ
  • Past active – فُعْلِلَ
  • Imperfect passive – يُفَعْلَلُ



Examples used in the Holy Quran



 الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ



Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind – (114:5)



إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الْأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا



When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake (99:1)



وَمَا هُوَ بِمُزَحْزِحِهِ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ أَن يُعَمَّرَ



but it would not remove him in the least from the [coming] punishment that he should be granted life. (2:96)



فَدَمْدَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُم بِذَنبِهِمْ فَسَوَّاهَا



So their Lord brought down upon them destruction for their sin and made it equal [upon all of them]. (9:14)



وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا عَسْعَسَ



And by the night as it closes in (81:7)



Book your free trial lesson


In addition to the free Arabic courses, we offer you to begin your journey to fluency in Arabic right now for free with a graduated Egyptian teacher.

2. Table of four-lettered verb form تَفَعْلَلَ



  • Past tense – تَفَعْلَلَ
  • Imperfect tense – يَتَفَعْلَلُ
  • Imperative – تَفَعْلَلْ
  • Verbal noun – تَفَعْلُلٌ
  • Active participle  – مُتَفَعْلِلٌ



3. Table of four-lettered verb form إِفْعَلَلَّ



  • Past tense – إِفْعَلَلَّ
  • Imperfect tense – يَفْعَلِلُّ
  • Imperative – إِفْعَلِّلْ – إِفْعَلِّلَ
  • Verbal noun – إِفْعَلَّالٌ
  • Active participle  – مُفْعَلِلٌّ




قَالَ بَلَىٰ وَلَـٰكِن لِّيَطْمَئِنَّ قَلْبِي



He said, “Yes, but [I ask] only that my heart may be satisfied.” (2:260)



وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ



while his heart is secure in faith (16:106)



يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ



[To the righteous it will be said], “O reassured soul, (89:27)



تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ



The skins shiver therefrom of those who fear their Lord (39:23)



4.Table of four-lettered verb form إِفْعَنْلَلَ



  • Past tense – إِفْعَنْلَلَ
  • Imperfect tense – يَفْعَنْلِلُ
  • Imperative – إِفْعَنْلِلْ
  • Verbal noun – إِفْعِنْلَالٌ
  • Active participle  – مُفْعَنْلِلٌ
  • Passive participle – مُفْعَنْلَلٌ



You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about introducing the declension of a noun.


Al-dirassa centre offers you the possibility to study the Arabic language easily with a qualified teacher. If you are interested, do not hesitate to consult us.

Recommended Posts

1 Comment

  1. […] You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about introducing the four-lettered verbs. […]

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *