Imperfect passive tense - Arabic free courses

The imperfect passive tense is formed by giving dammah to the sign of the imperfect tense, and fatha on the second radical.

 

1. Imperfect passive tense of the passive verb of consonants – الصَحِيْحُ

 

  Example: يُفْعَلُ = يُفْعَلُ    

 

Table passive verb of consonants يُرْفَعُ

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

يُرْفَعُ

He is being raised/will be raised

Dual

يُرْفَعَانِ

They both are being raised/will be raised

Plural

يُرْفَعُوْنَ

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

تُرْفَعُ

She is being raised/will be raised

Dual

تُرْفَعَانِ

They both are being raised/will be raised

Plural

يُرْفَعْنَ

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

تُرْفَعُ

You are being raised/will be raised

Dual

تُرْفَعا

You both are being raised/will be raised

Plural

تُرْفَعُوْنَ

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

 

Singular

تُرْفَعِيْنَ

You are being raised/will be raised

Dual

تُرْفَعَانِ

You both are being raised/will be raised

Plural

تُرْفَعْنَ

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

أَرْفَعُ

I am being raised/will be raised

Dual

Plural

نُرْفَعُ

We are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

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2. Imperfect passive tense – hamzated verbs – الْمَهْمُوْزُ

 

 

Table of يُؤْمَرُ

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

يُؤْمَرُ

He is being ordered/will be ordered

Dual

يُؤْمَرَانِ

They both are being ordered/will be ordered

Plural

يُؤْمَرُوْنَ

They all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

تُؤْمَرُ

She is being ordered/will be ordered

Dual

تُؤْمَرَانِ

They both are being ordered/will be ordered

Plural

يُؤْمَرْنَ

They all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

تُؤْمَرُ

You are being ordered/will be ordered

Dual

تُؤْمَرَانِ

You both are being ordered/will be ordered

Plural

تُؤْمَرُوْنَ

You all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

تُؤْمَرِيْنَ

You are being ordered/will be ordered

Dual

تُؤْمَرَانِ

You both are being ordered/will be ordered

Plural

تُؤْمَرْنَ

You all are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

أُؤْمَرُ

I am  being ordered/will be ordered

Dual

Plural

نُؤْمَرُ

We  are being ordered/will be ordered.

 

 

 

 

Table of يُسْأَلُ

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

يُسْأَلُ

He is being asked/will be asked

Dual

يُسْأَلانِ

They both are being asked/will be asked

Plural

يُسْأَلونَ

They all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

تُسْأَلُ

She is being asked/will be asked

Dual

تُسْأَلانِ

They both are being asked/will be asked

Plural

يُسْأَلْنَ

They all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

 

Singular

تُسْأَلُ

You are being asked/will be asked

Dual

تُسْأَلانِ

You both are being asked/will be asked

Plural

تُسْأَلُونَ

You all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

تُسْأَلِيْنَ

You are being asked/will be asked

Dual

تُسْأَلانِ

You both are being asked/will be asked

Plural

تُسْأَلْنَ

You all are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

أُسْأَلُ

I am  being asked/will be asked

Dual

Plural

نُسْأَلُ

We are being asked/will be asked

 

 

 

Table of يُهْزَأُ

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

يُهْزَأُ

He is being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Dual

يُهْزَئانِ

They both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Plural

يُهْزَأُوْنَ

They all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

تُهْزَأُ

She is being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Dual

تُهْزَئانِ

They both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Plural

يُهْزَئْنَ

They all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

تُهْزَأُ

You are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Dual

تُهْزَئانِ

You both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Plural

تُهْزَأُوْنَ

You all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

تُهْزَئيْنَ

You are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Dual

تُهْزَئانِ

You both are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Plural

تُهْزَئْنَ

You all are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

أُهْزَأُ

I am  being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

Dual

Plural

نُهْزَأُ

We are being ridiculed/will be ridiculed

 

 

 

3. Imperfect passive tense – Weak verbs – الأفْعَالُ المُعْتَلَّة

 

 

The pattern of وَعَدَ – يَعِدُ = يُوْعَدُ

 

يُوْعَدُ is according to the passive imperfect tense يُفْعَلُ.  

 

As mentioned in the previous chapter, there will be no passive voice for the verbs beginning with ى as intransitive verbs.

 

The pattern of قَالَ – يَقُوْلُ = يُقَالُ. theو is changed to long alif ا.  

 

 

Table of يُقَالُ

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

يُقَالُ

He has told/will be told

Dual

يُقَالانِ

They both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

يُقَالُوْنَ

They all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

 

Singular

تُقَالُ

She has told/will be told

 

Dual

تُقَالانِ

They both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

يُقَالْنَ

They all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

تُقَالُ

You have told/will be told

 

Dual

تُقَالانِ

You both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

تُقَالُوْنَ

You all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

تُقَالِيْنَ

You have told/will be told

 

Dual

تُقَالانِ

You both have been told/will be told

 

Plural

تُقَالْنَ

You all have been told/will be told

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

أُقَالُ

I have told/will be told

 

Dual

 

Plural

نُقَالُ

We have been told/will be told

 

 

 

In the third person and second person feminine plurals, the alif will be dropped.  

 

 

The passive verb of دَعَا – يَدْعُوْا = يُدْعَى

 

 

The ى is changed to a long alif ا. This alif is dropped from second and third-person feminine plurals.

 

 

Table of يُدْعَى

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

يُدْعَى

He is called/will be called

 

Dual

يُدْعَيَانِ

They both are called/will be called

 

Plural

يُدْعَوْنَ

 They all are called/will be called

 

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

تُدْعَى

She is called/will be called

 

Dual

تُدْعَيَانِ

They both are called/will be called

 

Plural

يُدْعَوْنَ

 They all are called/will be called

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

تُدْعَى

You are called/will be called

 

Dual

تُدْعَيَانِ

You both are called/will be called

 

Plural

تُدْعَوْنَ

 You all are called/will be called

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

تُدْعِيْنَ

You are called/will be called

 

Dual

تُدْعَيَانِ

You both are called/will be called

 

Plural

تُدْعَوْنَ

 You all are called/will be called

 

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

أُدْعَى

I am called/will be called

 

Dual

 

Plural

نُدْعَى

We are called/will be called

 

 

  • Passive verb of زَمَى – يَرْمَي = يُرْمَى
  • Passive verb of لَقِيَ – يَلْقَى = يُلْقَى

 

 

4. Imperfect passive tense – doubly weak verb – اللَّفِيْفُ

 

 

  • Passive verb of  وَقَى – يَقِي = يُوْقَى
  •  

 

5. Imperfect passive tense – Double lettered verbs  – المُضاعَفُ

 

  • Passive verb of  عَضَّ – يَعُضُّ = يُعَضُّ

 

 

Table of يُعَضُّ

 

 

3rd person masculine

 

Singular

يُعَضُّ

He is being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

يُعَضَّانِ

They both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

يُعَضُّوْنِ

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

Singular

تُعَضُّ

She is being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

تُعَضَّانِ

They both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

يُعَضَضْنَ

They all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

Singular

تُعَضُّ

You are being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

تُعَضَّانِ

You both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

تُعَضُّوْنِ

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

Singular

تُعَضِّيْنَ

You are being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

تُعَضَّانِ

You both are being raised/will be raised

 

Plural

تُعَضَضْنَ

You all are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

Singular

أُعَضُّ

I am being raised/will be raised

 

Dual

 

Plural

نُعَضُّ

We are being raised/will be raised.

 

 

 

The imperfect passive tense used in the Holy Quran

 

 

وَلَعَذَابُ الْآخِرَةِ أَخْزَىٰ ۖ وَهُمْ لَا يُنصَرُونَ

 

 

but the punishment of the Hereafter is more disgracing, and they will not be helped. (41:16)

 

 

أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

 

 

Do not fear and do not grieve but receive good tidings of Paradise, which you were promised. (41:43)

 

 

 يُجَادِلُونَكَ فِي الْحَقِّ بَعْدَ مَا تَبَيَّنَ كَأَنَّمَا يُسَاقُونَ إِلَى الْمَوْتِ وَهُمْ يَنظُرُونَ

 

 

Arguing with you concerning the truth after it had become clear as if they were being driven toward death while they were looking on. (8:6)

 

 

وَاتَّقُوا يَوْمًا تُرْجَعُونَ فِيهِ إِلَى اللَّـهِ ۖ ثُمَّ تُوَفَّىٰ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

 

 

And fear a Day when you will be returned to Allah. Then every soul will be compensated for what it earned, and they will not be treated unjustly. (2:281)

 

 

هَـٰذَانِ خَصْمَانِ اخْتَصَمُوا فِي رَبِّهِمْ ۖ فَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا قُطِّعَتْ لَهُمْ ثِيَابٌ مِّن نَّارٍ يُصَبُّ مِن فَوْقِ رُءُوسِهِمُ الْحَمِيمُ

 

 

These are two adversaries who have disputed over their Lord. But those who disbelieved will have cut out for them garments of fire. Poured upon their heads will be scalding water (22:19)

 

 

You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about the double emphasis in Arabic.

 

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