The following particles are called Inna and its sisters – إِنَّ وَ أَخَوَاتُهَا :
- إِنَّ – certainly
- أَنَّ – certainly
- كَأَنَّ – like that
- لَكِنَّ – but
- لَيْتَ – would that
- لَعَلَّ – may / perhaps
- When nouns are preceded by these particles they are in the accusative case and the predicate is in the nominative case. These particles are found in a nominal sentence and give fatha -َ to the noun that follows it and dammah -ُ to its predicate.
- إِنَّ and أَنَّ both are used to emphasize the meaning of the predicate but إِنَّ comes at the beginning of the sentence while أَنَّ comes between the sentence.
- إِنَّ is always found at the beginning of a sentence
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Examples of inna and its sisters used in the Holy Quran
قُلْ إِنَّ الْفَضْلَ بِيَدِ اللَّـهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاءُ
Say, “Indeed, [all] bounty is in the hand of Allah – He grants it to whom He wills. (3:73)
وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيْمَانُ وَلَـٰكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُوا
It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, (2:102)
وَلَـٰكِنَّ عَذَابَ اللَّـهِ شَدِيدٌ
but the punishment of Allah is severe. (22:2)
لَا تَدْرِي لَعَلَّ اللَّـهَ يُحْدِثُ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ أَمْرًا
perhaps Allah will bring about after that a [different] matter. (65:1)
إِنَّ اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Indeed, Allah is over all things competent (2:20)