the interrogative pronouns in Arabic

Introduction to the interrogative pronouns – اِسْمُ الإِسْتِفْهِامِ

 

Words used at the beginning of the sentence to ask a question are called interrogative pronouns in Arabic.

 

 

What 

مَاذَا / مَا

 

Why

لِمَاذَا / لِمَ

 

Who

مَنْ

 

For who / for which

لِمَنْ

 

What

ءَ

 

Did

هَلْ

 

When

مَتَى

 

Since

مُنْذُ

 

Where

أَيْنَ

 

In what

فِيْمَا

 

From where / how come

أَنَّى

 

How

كَيْفَ

 

How much

كَمْ

 

When

أَيَّانَ

 

Which one / whose (masc.)

أَيٌّ

 

Which one / whose (fem.)

أَيَّةٌ

 

Do

أَمْ

 

About what

عَمَّ / عَمَّا

 

From what

مِمَّ / مِمَّا

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Examples of interrogative pronouns used in the Holy Quran

 

 

قَالُوا أَإِنَّكَ لَأَنتَ يُوسُفُ

 

 

They said, “Are you indeed Joseph?” (12:90)

 

 

قُلْ أَيُّ شَيْءٍ أَكْبَرُ شَهَادَةً

 

 

Say, “What thing is greatest in testimony?” (6:19)

 

 

أَمْ حَسِبْتُمْ أَن تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ

 

 

Or do you think that you will enter Paradise (2:214)

 

 

مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ

 

 

Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?  (2:255)

 

 

وَمَا تِلْكَ بِيَمِينِكَ يَا مُوسَىٰ

 

 

And what is that in your right hand, O Moses?” (20:17)

 

 

يَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ

 

 

They ask you, [O Muhammad], what they should spend. (2:215)

 

 

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لِمَ تَقُولُونَ مَا لَا تَفْعَلُونَ 

 

 

O you who have believed, why do you say what you do not do? (61:2)

 

 

قَالَ كَمْ لَبِثْتَ

 

He said, “How long have you remained?” (2:259)

 

 

وَانظُرْ إِلَى الْعِظَامِ كَيْفَ نُنشِزُهَا ثُمَّ نَكْسُوهَا لَحْمًا

 

This Arabic lesson is now finished. The next one will be insha’Allah about the possessive phrase in Arabic.

 

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