Kaana and its sisters - Arabic free course



  The following particles are called Kaana and its sisters  – كَانَ وَ أَخَوَاتُهَا:


  • كَانَ – to was
  • صَارَ – to become
  • أَصْبَحَ –  to become, to enter/do in the morning
  • مَا زَالَ – increasingly, continuously
  • أَضْحَى – to enter the dawn
  • لَيْسَ – not
  • بَاتَ – to become, to pass the night
  • أَمْسَ – to become, to enter, to do in the evening
  • مَا دَامَ – forever, continuously
  • ظَلَّ – remain, to be, continue



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The rule of Kaana and its sisters



These verbs give dammah to its noun and fatha to its predicate.



Examples of Kaana and its sisters used in the Holy Quran



مَا كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ يَهُودِيًّا وَلَا نَصْرَانِيًّا 



Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian (3:67)



وَأَصْبَحَ فُؤَادُ أُمِّ مُوسَىٰ فَارِغًا



And the heart of Moses’ mother became empty [of all else]. (28:10)



وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُم بِالْأُنثَىٰ ظَلَّ وَجْهُهُ مُسْوَدًّا وَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ



And when one of them is informed of [the birth of] a female, his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief. (16:58)



أَلَيْسَ اللَّـهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ



Is not Allah the most just of judges? (95:8)



You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about the accusative case in Arabic.


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