Salat prayer is a unique form of worship in Islam. After the testimony of faith ‘Shahada,’ Prayer is the second most important pillar of Islam, and Muslims are obliged to perform ‘Prayers’ 5 times a day.
Prayer involves various physical movements, such as standing, bowing, prostrating, and sitting. Each of these movements requires you to recite Quranic verses in Arabic. If you want to learn how to pray in Arabic, you will need to understand that ‘Salah’ comprises different units of prayers, also known as ‘Rakah,’ and each unit involves some basic steps. Without further ado, let’s learn how to perform prayer in Arabic.
Also, praying offers several benefits to your mind and soul. The psychological benefits of prayer are huge. You can reduce the stress levels and get a positive outlook on your life by praying. The religion of Islam insists on praying in Arabic. You may think that offering Salah in your mother tongue is easier. But, reciting prayers in Arabic offers you a heavenly feel.
All people standing in a row need to use the same language to ensure they understand one another. So, learning Arabic is essential as it is the universal language to communicate with God. By praying in Arabic, you will get the will to live and have a more positive outlook. With a universal language like Arabic, you can form a united community that follows the way of living suggested by the Prophet.
Importance of salat prayer in the life of the Muslim
Muslims need to offer prayer at least five times a day. They need to fulfill the conditions of the prayer. The main purpose of praying is to connect with God. It strengthens the relationship you have with Allah. When you put yourselves in touch with the Almighty, you feel a sense of calm. It will also help you feel grateful for all the blessings you have received and never dwell on things you have not received. It makes you thankful for your life.
So, instead of thinking about your life’s negative aspects, you will develop a positive attitude. Like you meet your body’s physical needs by providing good food, water, and others, you need to satisfy your soul’s spiritual needs. It is only quenched with praying. The acts of worship can only make your soul feel alive. So, as you need a healthy body, you also require a spiritually sound soul for living happily.
Learning to pray in one language, Arabic, signifies a sign of unity. So, it makes all people one. This is an extensive and comprehensive language. So, people praying Arabic can benefit from it as they have a mutual understanding and similarity.
A similar way of offering salat prayer
Learning to pray in Arabic will help you perform the prayers in a similar way to others. So, you will offer prayers without any addition, subtraction, or alterations. It will also avoid any superstitions and baseless meanings when people incapable of translating the prayer into other languages. With a unified language, the spirit of worship remains intact.
Understand what you say during Salat prayer
When you become aware of the religious language, every Muslim will understand what they are praying for. So, they know what they are saying to their Almighty. Instead of translations, you learn Prayers that are the same as all other people around the world. With a single language to offer prayers, people of all races, tribes, and countries come together by understanding the wisdom and depth of the prayers.
How To Pray In Arabic: steps Involved in Prayer.
- Recitation – Fatihah
- Bowing – Ruku
- Prostration –Sujud
- Sitting –Tashahud
Learn How to Pray One Rakah in Arabic
Step 1 – Standing (Make Intention to pray)
Make an intention wholeheartedly to begin prayer. Your focus should be on the prayer itself and not on worldly matters.
Step 2 – Takbir
Now raise your hands to your ears while reciting ‘Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest).
Step 3 – Recitation (Surah Fatihah)
Now lower both hands and place them over your navel. Make sure your right hand is over your left hand and recite the opening chapter of the Quran. Begin your prayer by reciting this Arabic phrase:
أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
‘I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaytan (devil).’
Then recite Surah Fatihah:
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ ﴿١﴾ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿٢﴾ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ ﴿٣﴾ مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ ﴿٤﴾ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ ﴿٥﴾ اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ﴿٦﴾ صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
Translation of the surah al Fatiha:
1. In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
2. [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds.
3. The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
4. Sovereign of the Day of Recompense.
5. It is You we worship and You we ask for help.
6. Guide us to the straight path.
7. The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.
Step 4 – Bowing Down (Ruku)
While bowing down, recite ‘Allahu Akba.’. Keep your back straight and your hands on your knees, while your eyes should be attentive towards the ground where you will prostrate. In this bowing position, recite this Arabic phrase three times:
‘How perfect is my Lord, the Magnificent.’
Return to standing up again
After reciting this, return to your standing position again. While rising from the ‘Ruku’ position, bring both hands to your ears and recite:
‘Allah hears those who praise him, Our Lord, to You is all praise.’
Step 5 – Prostration (Sujud)
While prostrating to the ground, say ‘Allahu Akba.’. In this position, your palms, forehead, nose, knees, both hands, and toes should touch the ground. While in Sujud, recite this phrase 3 times:
‘How perfect is my Lord, the highest.’
Step 6 – Sitting
While rising from Sujud, say ‘Allahu Akbar’ and sit on the left leg for a moment so that the left foot rests on the ground whereas the right foot is upright. To perform the second sujud, repeat step 4 and recite ‘Subhanna Rabbeeyal ‘Alaa’ 3 times again.
Arise from this prostrating position, and return to your standing position while saying ‘Allahu Akbar.’
Well Done! You now have finished one rakah.
In every prayer, the first rakah is performed in these steps. Moreover, at the end of every second rakah, tashahud is performed.
Step 7 – Sitting (Tashahud)
This step is performed after every 2 rakah. In this step, after making 2 Sujud, you have to sit and recite supplication in Arabic known as ‘Attahiyat.’ This is basically a part of the conversation between ‘Allah’ and ‘Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).
You should raise the index finger of your right hand and recite:
التحيات لله والصلوات والطيبات، السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاته، السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين، أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن محمدًا رسول الله
‘All compliments, prayers, and pure words are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us, and on the righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.’
More importantly, in the final rakah of your prayer, after the tashahud, you will need to recite ‘the final tashahud.’
اللهم صل على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما صليت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم في العالمين إنك حميد مجيد، و بارك على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما باركت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم في العالمين إنك حميد مجيد
‘O Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and upon the family (or followers) of Muhammad, Just as You sent prayers upon Ibrahim and the family (or followers) of Ibrahim, Verily, you are full of Praise and Majesty. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family (or followers) of Muhammad as You blessed Ibrahim and the family (or followers) of Ibrahim, Verily, you are full of Praise and Majesty.’
How to finish the prayer?
When you have completed all the Rakat of the prayer, you will have to finish this prayer salat. Thus you will recite while turning your face on the right saying :
السلام عليكم و رحمة الله
Translation: May the peace and mercy of Allah be with you
Then on the left, saying
السلام عليكم و رحمة الله
Translation: May the peace and mercy of Allah be with you
Now your salat prayer is finished.
How many rakah to perform salat prayer?
The 5 daily prayers have a different number of rakah to perform:
- Fajr prayer (morning): 2 Rakat
- Duhur prayer (noon): 4 rak’at
- Asr prayer (afternoon): 4 Rakat
- Maghreb prayer (sunset): 3 rak’at
- Isha prayer (evening): 4 Rakat.
There is specificity for duhur and Asr salat prayers: all recitation of al Fatiha and surah after it remains silent. Also, for Fajr prayer, you have to recite the Fatiha and the surah loudly after it. You have to do the same loudly recitation during the 2 first Rakat for Maghreb and Isha salat prayers.
It is advisable to read a surah or some verses of the Quran after the recitation of al Fatiha. The recitation of this additional Surah is only for the 2 first Rakat of each prayer.
Now that you have learned how to perform one complete rakah in Arabic, you can perform the entire prayer by repeating these steps depending on the number of rakah involved 5 times Prayers.