We all know the recommendation of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) that Surah al-Kahf should be read weekly. Its protective values and its four consecutive stories told by Allah the Almighty to the Prophet (peace be upon Him) make it one of the most precious Surah.
The revelation of Surat Al-Kahf
Surah Al-Kahf was revealed in Makkah (exception for verses 28, 83 and 101 revealed in Madinah) and is one of the five Meccan suras beginning with “alhamdu lilah” (Praise be to Allah). It has 110 verses, and its name is taken from its 9th verse:
Do you think that the people of the Cave and ar-Raquim were an extraordinary thing of Our wonders?
According to the tafsir of Ibn Kathir, our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him), found himself confronted by the polytheists and the people of the Book (ie, Jews and Christians) when he began to reveal the divine message. Two polytheists, named An Nadr ibn Al Harith and Uqba Ibn Abu Muhit were sent by the Qoraish to Jewish scholars to describe Muhammad (peace be upon Him) because they had a vast knowledge about the prophets. The latter advised the two Quraish to ask Muhammad (peace be upon Him) three questions. Thus, according to them, if he could answer, it would mean that He is a true prophet. But if He did not succeed, He would be a liar. The questions were:
- Who were the people of the Cave?
- Who is the man who has traveled the land from east to west? What do you know about Dul-Qarnayn?
- What is the soul? What is the authentic story of Al-Khadir?
The Prophet (peace be upon Him) made them wait for several days until Jibril brought him the answers at the request of Allah. Thus, Surah al Kahf was revealed, relating these events. The Tafsir of Ibn Kathir reports that our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) was greatly saddened, for despite giving the right answers to the questions of the Jews and Quraish and the indisputable evidence that he is a prophet, they continued in their disbelief.
The virtues of Surat Al-Kahf
Surah Al-Kahf is essential since it remembers the importance of the belief in One God.
Say, “I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.” Surah Al-Kahf (The Cave) – Verse 110
Many hadiths are talking about the rewards of reading Surah Al-Kahf. It is reported, in this case, that the one who recites the first ten verses (or the last ten according to the hadith) of this Surah, will be illuminated by a light (Noor) between this Friday and the following.
The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Whoever recites the Surah Al-Kahf, will be given to him on the Day of Resurrection a light that extends from his place to Makkah, and whoever recites the last ten verses this Surah will be spared, when the antichrist comes out, of his trial … “Hadith reported by At-Tabarani and authenticated by Al-Albani
The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf (the Cave) on Friday, Allah illuminates it between the two Fridays“. Hadith narrated by An-Nassai, Al-Hakem and Al-Bayhaqi according to Abu Said al-Khudari, may Allah be pleased with them, authenticated by Al-Albani
The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on Friday, a light will shine under his feet to heaven, illuminating it until the Day of Judgment and it will be forgiven him what he did between the two Fridays.” Narrated Ibn Mardaweh, according to Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them.
Also, we are advised to recite this Surah, to protect ourself from the dajjal, ie, the antichrist that will appear at the end of time.
Take time for reading Surah al Kahf every Friday
The reading of this Surah takes around half an hour. It has 110 verses. How to arrange your time every Friday to read this important Surah, and thus enjoy the protection of the Almighty until next Friday? And you, how do you organize your day to read Surah Al-Kahf?