e all know that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon Him) encouraged the Muslims to read Surah Kahf each Friday. Indeed, its protective values and its four consecutive stories told by Allah the Almighty to the Prophet (PBUH) make it one of the most precious Surah.

 

The cause of the revelation of Surah kahf

 

 

Surah Kahf’s revelation was in Makkah (except for verses 28, 83, and 101 revealed in Madinah). Thus, it is one of the five Meccan suras beginning with “alhamdu Lilah” (Praise be to Allah). It has 110 verses, and its name came from its 9th verse:

 

Do you think that the people of the Cave and ar-Raquim were an extraordinary thing of Our wonders?

 

According to Ibn Kathir’s tafsir, our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) found himself confronted by the polytheists and the Book’s people (i.e., Jews and Christians) when he began to reveal the divine message.

Two polytheists, named An Nadr ibn Al Harith and Uqba Ibn Abu Muhit, were sent by the Quraish to Jewish scholars to describe Muhammad (peace be upon Him) because they had a vast knowledge about the prophets. The latter advised the two Quraish to ask Muhammad (peace be upon Him) three questions. Thus, according to them, if he could answer, it would mean that He is a true prophet. But if He failed, He would be a liar. The questions were:

 

  1. Who were the people of the Cave?
  2. Who is the man who has traveled the land from east to west? And what do you know about Dul-Qarnayn?
  3. What is the soul? What is the authentic story of Al-Khadir?

 

The Prophet (peace be upon Him) made them wait for several days until Jibril brought him the answers at the request of Allah. Thus, came down the revelation of Surah Kahf, relating these events. Thus, the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir reports that the situation made sad our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), despite giving the right answers to the Jews’ and Quraish questions and the indisputable evidence a prophet, they continued in their disbelief.

 

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Surah kahf benefits

 

Surah Al-Kahf is essential since it remembers the importance of the belief in One God.

 

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ فَمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَاءَ رَبِّهِ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَلَا يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ أَحَدًا

 

 

Say, “I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.” Surah Kahf (The Cave) – Verse 110

 

Many hadiths are talking about surah kahf benefits In this case, it is reported that the one who recites the first ten verses (or the last ten according to the hadith) of this Surah will be illuminated by a light (Noor) between this Friday and the following.

 

The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Whoever recites the Surah Kahf, will be given to him on the Day of Resurrection a light that extends from his place to Makkah, and whoever recites the last ten verses this Surah will be spared, when the antichrist comes out, of his trial … “Hadith reported by At-Tabarani and authenticated by Al-Albani.

 

The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf (The Cave) on Friday, Allah illuminates it between the two Fridays.” Hadith narrated by An-Nassai, Al-Hakem, and Al-Bayhaqi according to Abu Said al-Khudari, may Allah be pleased with them, authenticated by Al-Albani

 

The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on Friday, a light will shine under his feet to heaven, illuminating it until the Day of Judgment, and it will be forgiven him what he did between the two Fridays.” Narrated Ibn Mardaweh, according to Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with them.

 

Also, Muslims use to recite this Surah to protect themselves from the dajjal. He is the antichrist that will appear at the end of time.

Who is the Dajjal, and what are his tribulations?

 

 

We know from the ahadith of our beloved Prophet, peace be upon Him, that Dajjal will appear on earth a short period of time before the Day of Judgment. Indeed, he will bring people four tribulations :

 

 

  • Faith’s tribulation: He will claim that he is a prophet or the lord of the universe.

 

 

  • Wealth’s tribulation: He will have the ability of Allah’s permission to control the rain and attract people by his wealth.

 

 

  • Knowledge’s tribulation: our Prophet, peace be upon Him, has warned us and described to us who is Dajjal. Unfortunately, people will doubt that knowledge and will believe in what he says. 

 

  • Authority tribulation: He will rule a large part of the world in a short period of time after 40 days except for two places: Mecca and Medina.

 

The major themes of Surah al kahf

 

 

The following themes are presents in four stories: the people of the cave, the owner of the two gardens, Prophet Musa and al Khidr peace upon them, and Dhul Qarnayn.

 

A. The people of the cave

 

A group of believing youngsters lived in a town where people were disbelievers. They decided to migrate for the love of Allah. Allah the Greatest rewarded them and covered them by His mercy in a cave. They slept and when they awoke, found a village where its people were believers. Youngsters demonstrated the sincerity of their faith.

 

B. The owner of the two gardens

A man to whom Allah gave two beautiful gardens forgot to thank Allah and doubted in Allah and the hereafter. His gardens were destroyed. He regrets it, but it was too late. Also, his wealth was a great temptation for him.

 

C. Musa and al Khidr

 

Mussa had the thought that he was the most knowledgeable man of his time. Nevertheless, he was wrong. Thus, Allah ordered Musa to meet a person more knowledgeable than him. He traveled to find that person – called al Khidr – and when he met him. Thus, he learned that sometimes God’s wisdom could escape us and be in the thing that appears to be detestable for us. Musa had to make modesty in front of al Khidr.

 

importance of surah al kahfD. Dhul Qarnayn

 

Dhul Qarnayn was a great leader, owned knowledge, and authority. He ruled the East and the West. He could solve Yajuj and Majuj and built a huge dam to help the people who required his help. These people tried to corrupt him by offering presents, but Dhul Qarnayn was sincere in his act of worship and in the appliance of his authority that was granted by Allah. Thus, he refused to take their presents because he knew that the reward would be only from Allah.

 

 

Wisdom of these four stories and their relation with Dajjal

These four stories related in surah al Kahf evoke the four tribulations that Dajjal will bring with him:

 

  • Faith: the story of the youngsters
  • Wealth: the story of the owner of the two gardens
  • Knowledge: the story of al Khidr and Musa
  • Authority: the story of Dhul Qarnayn

A. Tribulation of faith

 

Sincerity in faith and doing the righteous deeds following the Sunnah of the Last Messenger peace be upon Him in the last verse of surah al kahf. Indeed, Allah orders us to be sincere: 

 

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ فَمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَاءَ رَبِّهِ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَلَا يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ أَحَدًا

 

: “Say, “I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So, whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.” (18:110)

 

Allah orders to invoke and call only Him:

 

وَاتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِن كِتَابِ رَبِّكَ ۖ لَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَلَن تَجِدَ مِن دُونِهِ مُلْتَحَدًا

 

And recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord. There is no changer of His words, and never will you find in other than Him a refuge. “ (18:27)

 

B. Tribulation of the wealth

 

Surah al Kahf warns us and teaches us to be aware of the deception of this world. Allah says:

 

وَاضْرِبْ لَهُم مَّثَلَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَاءٍ أَنزَلْنَاهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَاخْتَلَطَ بِهِ نَبَاتُ الْأَرْضِ فَأَصْبَحَ هَشِيمًا تَذْرُوهُ الرِّيَاحُ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّـهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّقْتَدِرًا 

 

“And present to them the example of the life of this world, [its being] like rain which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it and [then] it becomes dry remnants, scattered by the winds. And Allah is ever, over all things, Perfect in Ability.” (18:45)

 

C. Tribulation of Knowledge

 

Thus, Musa, a great prophet of Allah, made humbleness signs when he met al Khidr. Allah has reported the humble talk between the two prophets:

قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَىٰ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُعَلِّمَنِ مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا ﴿٦٦﴾ قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا ﴿٦٧﴾ وَكَيْفَ تَصْبِرُ عَلَىٰ مَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِ خُبْرًا ﴿٦٨﴾ قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِن شَاءَ اللَّـهُ صَابِرًا وَلَا أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا

 

Moses: “May I follow you on [the condition] that you teach me from what you have been taught of sound judgment?” (66) He said, “Indeed, with me, you will never be able to have patience. (67) And how can you have the patience for what you do not encompass in knowledge?” (68)[Moses] said, “You will find me, if Allah wills, patient, and I will not disobey you in [any] order.” (69)

 

D. Tribulation of authority

 

Dhul Qarnayn had everything, and nothing could stop him. He was a right leader, Allah says:

 قَالَ أَمَّا مَن ظَلَمَ فَسَوْفَ نُعَذِّبُهُ ثُمَّ يُرَدُّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِ فَيُعَذِّبُهُ عَذَابًا نُّكْرًا ﴿٨٧﴾ وَأَمَّا مَنْ آمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلَهُ جَزَاءً الْحُسْنَىٰ ۖ وَسَنَقُولُ لَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِنَا يُسْرًا

 

 

He said, “As for one who wrongs, we will punish him. Then he will be returned to his Lord, and He will punish him with a terrible punishment. (87) But as for one who believes and does righteousness, he will have a reward of Paradise, and we will speak to him from our command with ease.” (88)

 

 He was sincere in His worship of Allah. When the people who were afraid of Yajuj and Majuj offered money, he refused to take, because he knows that Allah gives better

.

قَالُوا يَا ذَا الْقَرْنَيْنِ إِنَّ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ مُفْسِدُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَهَلْ نَجْعَلُ لَكَ خَرْجًا عَلَىٰ أَن تَجْعَلَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُمْ سَدًّا ﴿٩٤﴾ قَالَ مَا مَكَّنِّي فِيهِ رَبِّي خَيْرٌ فَأَعِينُونِي بِقُوَّةٍ أَجْعَلْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُمْ رَدْمًا

 

 

They said, “O Dhul-Qarnayn, indeed Gog and Magog are [great] corrupters in the land. So may we assign for you an expenditure that you might make between them and us a barrier?” (94) He said, “That in which my Lord has established me is better [than what you offer], but assist me with strength; I will make between you and them a dam. (95

 

Surah al Kahf contains in the four stories all spiritual tools to faith the tribulation of the Dajjal. In more, this surah teaches in his last verse how to get the final reward and success in the Day of Judgment.

Take time to read Surah Kahf every Friday.

 

The reading of this Surah takes around half an hour. It has 110 verses. How to arrange your time every Friday to read this important Surah. Thus, you will enjoy the protection of the Almighty until next Friday? And you, how do you organize your day to read Surah Al-Kahf?

 

 

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3 Comments

  1. I have many enemies where I buid my house , they sends witches bird after me following me in a day time and night time apart from Surat al kahf which sura I should be reading , to overcome my enemies

    • Dear brother,

      if you have problems with your neighbors, you can make this du’a:

      Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would say, “O Allah, I seek refuge in you from an evil neighbor in the final abode. Verily, a neighbor in this world can be changed.”

      Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān 1046

      عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ يَقُولُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ جَارِ السُّوءِ فِي دَارِ الْمُقَامَةِ فَإِنَّ جَارَ الْبَادِي يَتَحَوَّلُ

  2. On you tube pls search for ruqiah for the problem u are facing and listen daily 90 min until it goes away


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