The noun of the instrument | Arabic free course

Introduction to the noun of the instrument


  The noun of the instrument – اِسْمُ الآلَةِ describes the instrument with which the action of the verb is carried out.


  1. It begins with the letter م as the noun of place and time, but the م bears kasrah instead of .
  2. These nouns are on the pattern of one of the following:


  • مِفْعَالٌ




مِفْتَاحٌ – فَتَحَ

To open – keys



مِصْبَاحٌ – صَبِحَ

Morning – lamp



مِيْزَانٌ – وَزَنَ

To weigh – balance



  • مِفْعَلَةٌ
  • مَفْعَلٌ


The plural of مِفْعَلَةٌ, مَفْعَالٌ and مِفْعَلٌ are on the pattern of مَفَاعِيلٌ and مَفَاعِلُ.



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Examples of nouns of the instrument used in the Holy Quran



مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ



 The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp (24:35)



وَعِندَهُ مَفَاتِحُ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا هُوَ



And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him (6:59)



وَأَقِيمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيزَانَ 



And establish weight in justice and do not make deficient the balance. (55:9)



أَمَّا مَن ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ 



Then as for one whose scales are heavy [with good deeds], (101:6)



You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about the kinds of feminine gender in Arabic.


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