Introduction to the noun of the instrument
The noun of the instrument – اِسْمُ الآلَةِ describes the instrument with which the action of the verb is carried out.
- It begins with the letter م as the noun of place and time, but the م bears kasrah -ِ instead of -َ.
- These nouns are on the pattern of one of the following:
مِفْتَاحٌ – فَتَحَ
To open – keys
مِصْبَاحٌ – صَبِحَ
Morning – lamp
مِيْزَانٌ – وَزَنَ
To weigh – balance
The plural of مِفْعَلَةٌ, مَفْعَالٌ and مِفْعَلٌ are on the pattern of مَفَاعِيلٌ and مَفَاعِلُ.
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Examples of nouns of the instrument used in the Holy Quran
مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ
The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp (24:35)
وَعِندَهُ مَفَاتِحُ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا هُوَ
And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him (6:59)
وَأَقِيمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيزَانَ
And establish weight in justice and do not make deficient the balance. (55:9)
أَمَّا مَن ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ
Then as for one whose scales are heavy [with good deeds], (101:6)
You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about the kinds of feminine gender in Arabic.
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