The noun of the instrument | Arabic free course

Introduction to the noun of the instrument

 

  The noun of the instrument – اِسْمُ الآلَةِ describes the instrument with which the action of the verb is carried out.

 

  1. It begins with the letter م as the noun of place and time, but the م bears kasrah instead of .
  2. These nouns are on the pattern of one of the following:

 

  • مِفْعَالٌ

 

Examples:  

 

مِفْتَاحٌ – فَتَحَ

To open – keys

 

 

مِصْبَاحٌ – صَبِحَ

Morning – lamp

 

 

مِيْزَانٌ – وَزَنَ

To weigh – balance

 

 

  • مِفْعَلَةٌ
  • مَفْعَلٌ

 

The plural of مِفْعَلَةٌ, مَفْعَالٌ and مِفْعَلٌ are on the pattern of مَفَاعِيلٌ and مَفَاعِلُ.

 

 

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Examples of nouns of the instrument used in the Holy Quran

 

 

مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ

 

 

 The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp (24:35)

 

 

وَعِندَهُ مَفَاتِحُ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا هُوَ

 

 

And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him (6:59)

 

 

وَأَقِيمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيزَانَ 

 

 

And establish weight in justice and do not make deficient the balance. (55:9)

 

 

أَمَّا مَن ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ 

 

 

Then as for one whose scales are heavy [with good deeds], (101:6)

 

 

You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about the kinds of feminine gender in Arabic.

 

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