past continuous - Arabic free courses

Introduction

 

Past continuous in Arabic is when كَانَ as a helping verb meaning “was/were”, comes before the imperfect tense.

 

 

  For example:  

 

 

كانَ يَفْعَلُ

He was doing

 

 

Past continuous conjugation of كانَ يَفْعَلُ :

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 3rd person masculine

 

 

Singular

كَانَ يَفْعَلُ

He was doing

 

Dual

كَنَا يَفْعَلانِ

They both were doing

 

Plural

كانُوْا يَفْعَلُونَ

They all were doing

 

 

3rd person feminine

 

 

Singular

كَانَتْ تَفْعَلُ

She was doing

 

Dual

كَنَتَا تَفْعَلانِ

They both were doing

 

Plural

كُنَّ يَفْعَلْنَ

They all were doing

 

 

2nd person masculine

 

 

Singular

كُنْتَ تَفْعَلُ

You were doing

 

Dual

كَنْتُمَا تَفْعَلانِ

You both were doing

 

Plural

كَنْتُمْ تَفْعَلُوْنَ

You all were doing

 

 

2nd person feminine

 

 

Singular

كُنْتِ تَفْعَلِيْنَ

You were doing

 

Dual

كَنْتُمَا تَفْعَلانِ

You both were doing

 

Plural

كُنْتُنَّ تَفْعَلْنَ

You all were doing

 

 

First-person (masculine/feminine)

 

 

Singular

كُنْتُ أَفْعَلُ

I was doing

 

Dual

 

Plural

كُنَّا نَفْعَلُ

We were doing

 

 

The conjugation for كَانَ is in the past tense though it is used along with imperfect tense يَفْعَلُ.

 

 

Examples:  

ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا وَّكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ

That was because they disobeyed and were [habitually] transgressing. (2:61)

 

 

 وَأَن تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

But to fast is best for you, if you only knew. (2:184)

 

 

كَانَا يَأْكُلَانِ الطَّعَامَ

They both used to eat food (5:75)

 

وَقَالُوا لَوْ كُنَّا نَسْمَعُ أَوْ نَعْقِلُ مَا كُنَّا فِي أَصْحَابِ السَّعِيرِ

And they will say, “If only we had been listening or reasoning, we would not be among the companions of the Blaze.” (67:10)

 

This Arabic lesson is now finished. The next one will be insha’Allah about the moods of the imperfect tense in Arabic.

 

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