short vowel marks

We have studied in the previous lesson how to spell the letters of the Arabic alphabet. Thus, this second lesson for learning the Arabic alphabet will discuss a new kind of vowels: short vowels marks.

 

The short vowels of the Arabic alphabet

 

There are 3 in Arabic:

 

Short vowels in arabic

Three Arabic short vowels

 

Short Arabic vowels marks correspond in English to the vowels “A”, “OO” and “EE”. Thus, in Arabic, there are only three to articulate the letters. Therefore, it appears that the Arabic language is easier on this point than the English language. they are:

 

fatha: the sound A


ـَ

kasra: the sound I


ـِ

damma: the sound OO


ـُ

 

Thus, you will notice that the vowels are therefore small symbols placed below or below the letters. So, let’s look at an example with the letter “Ba” how to use them:

 

بُ

بِ

بَ

Arabic letter
/Đammah/ /Kasrah/ /Fatħah/ Name of the vowel
oo i a The sound of the vowel
The sound ‘oo’  in “loop” The sound ‘i’ in “a bee” The sound ‘a’ in “apple” Equivalence in English

 

Let’s see the entire Arabic alphabet with each of these 3 short vowels:

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Damma Kasra Fatha

أُ

إِ

أَ

بُ

بِ

بَ

تُ

تِ

تَ

ثُ

ثِ

ثَ

جُ

جِ

جَ

حُ

حِ

حَ

خُ

خِ

خَ

دُ

دِ

دَ

ذُ

ذِ

ذَ

رُ

رِ

رَ

زُ

زِ

زَ

سُ

سِ

سَ

شُ

شِ

شَ

صُ

صِ

صَ

ضُ

ضِ

ضَ

طُ

طِ

طَ

ظُ

ظِ

ظَ

عُ

عِ

عَ

غُ

غِ

غَ

فُ

فِ

فَ

قُ

قِ

قَ

كُ

كِ

كَ

لُ

لِ

لَ

مُ

مِ

مَ

نُ

نِ

نَ

هُـ

هِـ

هَـ

وُ

وِ

وَ

يُ

يِ

يَ

This Arabic lesson is now completed. The next lesson will focus on the doubling of the final vowel: the tenwine.

Al-dirassa center offers you the possibility to study the Arabic language easily with a qualified teacher. If you are interested, do not hesitate to consult us.

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  1. […] lesson of the Arabic free course. Previously we already studied the letters of the Arabic alphabet, short vowel marks, tanween, and long vowel marks. In our new lesson, we discuss the absence of vowel – the […]


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