After presenting a short biography of Abu Bakr As Siddiq, we continue the biography of the caliphs by offering ‘Umar ibn Al Khattab’s life, the second caliph of Islam. He succeeded to the Caliphate after the death of Abu Bakr As-Sidiq (may Allah be pleased with him).
His name was Abu Hafs’ Umar bin Al Khattab ibn Nufayl (may Allah be pleased with him). He was a faithful companion of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him). We will describe his noble personality; then we will expose his qualities before evoking his Caliphate insha’Allah.
His conversion and description
Umar ibn Al Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) converted to Islam following the invocation of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon Him) in his favor. Indeed, the Prophet of Allah said:’ O Allah! Strengthen Islam by ‘Umar ibn Al Khattab or Abu Jahl ibn Hisham! “(Reported by At Tirmidhi).
The conversion of ‘Umar ibn Al Khattab has touched many people, which proves the influence of this companion (may Allah be pleased with him). Indeed, when he converted, the angel Jibril (peace be upon Him) came down to earth and said, “O Mohamed! The inhabitants of heaven rejoiced with the conversion of ‘Umar to Islam.’“Also, Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “We have been strong ever since the conversion of ‘Umar.”
His qualities and merits
‘Umar was a pious, honest, and trustworthy man. Our noble Prophet (peace be upon Him) said,“If there were to be a prophet after me, it would be ‘Umar ibn Al Khattab.” (reported by At Tirmidhi).
He feared Allah so much that he cried daily. It proves his piety and fear of our Creator. Moreover, he had so many merits that, when the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him) asked the angel Jibril (‘peace be upon Him) about the merits of ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he answered:
“If I were with you – or if I stayed with you the time that Nuh spent with his people – nine hundred and fifty years – the merits of ‘Umar would not end. And ‘Umar is one of the blessings of Abu Bakr.”
Masha’Allah! The merits of ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) are endless!
Also, ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) participated in all battles with the Messenger of Allah (‘ alayhi salat wa salam). He was the first to gather the faithful during the tarawih prayer during Ramadan.
On the other hand, ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) did not spend his property in vain. Indeed, when he wanted to buy something that cost a dirham, he delayed a year. He (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
“Whoever fears Allah the Highest does not satisfy his anger, and whoever fears Allah does not do what he desires.”
One day he said, “Praise be to Allah, who made me reach a rank where there is no one above me. “
Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) did not waste to avoid the wrath of our Lord. Finally, he was humble, fair, and equitable.
Muslims pledged allegiance to Umar ibn Al Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) on the day of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq’s death. The latter had recommended him before his death. During his Caliphate, he took care of women whose men were absent, including buying food for them. He carried on his back the bags of flour for widows and orphans. And when he was told, “Let me take your place,” he answered, “And who will bear my sins in my place on the Day of Retribution?“
He was kind, helpful to his Muslim brethren. He took care of his neighbor, so he was a remarkable caliph and a man of noble qualities.
May Allah have mercy on ‘Umar ibn Al Khattab, faithful companion of the Messenger. May He give Him His pleasure and the height of His blessings in the abode of Eternity.