the letter Alif – ا can be recited in two ways:
- with emphasis – tafkheem
- lightly, softly – tarqeeq
1. The letter Alif – ا will be recited with emphasis when it is followed by one of the 7 emphatic letters:
ظ – خ – ص – ض – غ – ط – ق
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favour, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray. (1:7)
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2. The letter Alif is recited lightly when it is followed by a light -tarqeeq of the 22 remaining letters:
ث – ت -ب – ا – س – ز – ر – ذ – د – ح – ج
ي – ء – و -ه – ن -م -ل -ك – ف -ع -ش
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
It is You we worship and You we ask for help. (1:5)
This tajweed rules lesson is now finished. The next one will be insha’Allah about the rules of the letter Lam.
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