الْبَدَلُ is the noun used to substitute the fore-mentioned noun in the succeeding sentence.

 

  1. The substitute must follow the word for which it is substituted. The substitute is called الْبَدَلُ, and the substituted is called الْمُبْدَلُ مِنْهُ.

 

Example:

 

فَآمِنُوا بِاللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ النَّبِيِّ الْأُمِّيِّ

 

 

 So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered prophet (7:158)

 

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2. The harakah of الْبَدَلُ will follow the harakah of the الْمُبْدَلُ مِنْهُ. Example:

 

 قَالُوا نَعْبُدُ إِلَـٰهَكَ وَإِلَـٰهَ آبَائِكَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ إِلَـٰهًا

 

 

They said, “We will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac – one God. (2:133)

 

 

 اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

 

 

Guide us to the straight path – (1:6)

 

 

 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ

 

 

The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favour (1:7)

 

 

قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ﴿١٢١﴾ رَبِّ مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ 

 

 

They said, “We have believed in the Lord of the worlds. The Lord of Moses and Aaron.” (7:121-122)

 

The substitute can be without the article ال. Therefore, if the substituted is definite, then the substitute can be indefinite and vice versa.

 

 

تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ وَقُرْآنٍ مُّبِينٍ

 

 

These are the verses of the Book and a clear Qur’an. (15:1)

 

 

You have now completed this Arabic lesson. The next one will be insha’Allah about the various unorthodox verbs in Arabic.

 

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