Verbs are of two types in Arabic, transitive and intransitive verb:
- Intransitive verb – اَلْفِعْلُ اللَّازِمُ
- Transitive verb – اَلْفِعْلُ الْمُتَعَدَّى
1. Intransitive verb
When an intransitive verb is used in a sentence, there is no need for an object. The verb, along with the subject, gives complete meaning to the sentence.
Examples of intransitive verbs used in the Holy Quran
فَاتَّخَذْتُمُوهُمْ سِخْرِيًّا حَتَّىٰ أَنسَوْكُمْ ذِكْرِي وَكُنتُم مِّنْهُمْ تَضْحَكُونَ
But you took them in mockery to the point that they made you forget My remembrance, and you used to laugh at them. (23:110)
وَجَاءُوا أَبَاهُمْ عِشَاءً يَبْكُونَ
And they came to their father at night, weeping. (12:16)
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2. Transitive verb
A transitive verb will always need an object. When a transitive verb is used in a sentence, it will have a subject and an object to give complete sense to a sentence.
Examples of transitive verbs used in the Holy Quran
فَهَزَمُوهُم بِإِذْنِ اللَّـهِ وَقَتَلَ دَاوُودُ جَالُوتَ
So they defeated them by permission of Allah, and David killed Goliath (2:251)
ضَرَبَ اللَّـهُ مَثَلًا لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا امْرَأَتَ نُوحٍ وَامْرَأَتَ لُوطٍ
Allah presents an example of those who disbelieved: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. (66:10)